How to create an Epoxy Floor

This article was created to help you install your E-Poxy DIY Epoxy Floor. Applying a floor is not difficult but it consist of a couple of steps that is essential if you want a great end result.

Step 1 – Planning the Floor

When creating Epoxy Floors it is important to know that there are many different ways of applying a floor, and all of them will have different results. There are mainly three major steps in applying E-Poxy Floors correctly:

  • Preparation
  • Primer
  • Coating

I will discuss each of these steps below to give you a better understanding of how to create the perfect floor.

E-Poxy Floors comes in a variety of colors and can be mixed to any of the 213 available RAL Colors. You can visit the RAL Color Chart to find out which colors are available. It is important to note that colors can vary and it is better to get your Epoxy Mixture in one batch to ensure that the color is consistent throughout the entire project.

We do however also have a selection of colors available as standard colors which you can find in our E-Poxy Floor Color section. It is also important to note that you can use multiple colors to create various effects. I teach this method in our E-Poxy Floor Applicators Workshops which is held every month at our factory in George.

In order to create the ideal epoxy floor, you need to know how much product you will be using.

E-Poxy Floor Primer is applied to the floor at a rate of 150grams per square meter. The E-Poxy Floor Top Coating is applied at anything between 500 gram per square meter to 2kg per square meter. Thicker layers is also possible but is beyond the scope of this article. The thickness of the coating will determine the look and feel of the floor as well as the cost.

A thin layer (500 gram per m2) will give the effect of a painted floor but will be much stronger than paint. From 1kg per m2 upwards you will get the effect of a smooth self leveling floor. The thicker the coating the smoother the floor will be and the stronger it will be. Obviously it will cost more and you need to find the balance between cost and thickness to suit your specific needs.

We manufacture your E-Poxy Floor Kit to your specific needs. We will manufacture the specific quantity and color so that you do not waste any product.

The Primer and the Top Coating both comes in an A and B Part, which needs to be properly mixed together. The ideal is to mix both parts in a clean container for about two minutes with a paint mixer, then pour it into a second clean container and mix it again for another two minutes.

Each Product has a specific mixing ratio which is indicated on the container. The Floor Products are as follows:

Primer
Part A : 100
Part B : 55

Coating
Part A: 80
Part B: 20

Note: If you do not mix the products properly and in the correct ratios, you floor will fail. You can also read my article on why epoxy floors fail to get a better understanding of what to do and what not to do. It is also important to note that Epoxy is mixed by weight and not by volume. This is one of the biggest reasons why you get floors that are tacky and never dries.

If we manufacture your order for you personally, we make sure that there is enough product in both containers to mix together.

Another important aspect is that you should not mix all the product as once since you only have a 45 minute window to apply the product. After that the epoxy will become tacky and you can no longer apply it. If you have a large floor, you need multiple people. One should for instance mix the epoxy while another applies it.

Make sure that you have everything that you need ready when you start the project. Once you have started and you realize that your roller is not working, it is too late. You cant leave the project to go and buy another roller. Check out our Epoxy Floor Accessories page for tools that you will need. You will need the following:

  • 400mm Spatula
  • Knee Guards (optional)
  • Spike Shoes (optional)
  • Roller & Spare Roller
  • Roller Handle
  • Bubble Pop Spray (to clean hands, spots and equipment)
  • Acetone (For cleaning larger items and buckets
  • Mixing Buckets
  • Marking Tape
  • Paper Towels for cleaning
  • Electric Drill with Paint Mixer
  • Mixing Stick
  • Scale that can measure in Grams (Optional)
  • Extension Roller handle
  • Buff Tape
  • Brush 50mm
  • Sanding Discs
  • Sander /Polisher

If you do large floor areas, the spike shoes are essential so that you can walk over the epoxy without leaving marks.

If you do multiple colors in your design in order to get a metallic effect, you should have your extra mixture of epoxy and pigment handy.

Step 2 – Preparation

Preparation is the most important step in the entire process. If you do not do your preparation correctly the entire floor will fail and you will pick up problems later.

It is important to note that layer between the floor and the primer is what holds the floor from lifting up. The goal of the primer is to penetrate the floor and create a surface for the epoxy to bond. If there are loose particles, dust, oil or anything that prevents the primer from bonding, you will have problems.

Ensure that there are no loose particles or dust. Sand down the floor with an epoxy sanding disc if necessary, and then clean the floor properly with a broom and a cloth.

If you plan on filling rough spots, you can use the E-Poxy Epoxy Screed to fill these spots after you have applied a layer of primer. First allow the primer to dry before applying.

Once the floor is clean, level and dry it is time to apply the primer.

Step 3 – Applying the Primer

Once you have marked the floor down with Painters Tape, it is time to mix the the Primer. Only mix the amount of primer that you can use in a 45 minute period. Once the Epoxy primer becomes tacky, you can no longer use it.

Tip: Before applying the primer with a brush and roller, roll the roller a few times over a piece of buff tape to ensure that all lose particles on the brush stays behind and does not stick to your floor.

Apply the primer with a roller by rolling it a couple of times in both directions (crisscrossing the area at 90 degree angles). Make sure the primer penetrates the smallest holes.

Now leave the primer to dry overnight. It must be touch dry before applying the coating. The dryer it is the better. You can even wait a few days before applying the top coating.

Step 4 – Applying the coating

There are two methods of applying the coating depending on the thickness of the coating. If it is thinner than 1kg per m2 you should apply it with a roller.

If your Top Coating is 1kg per m2 or thicker, you apply it with a Spatula to spread it evenly across the surface.

Whichever method you use, make sure that you know where you are going to exit the room once you are finished. Painting yourself into a corner can mess up your entire floor. Also make sure that you do not have to cross the floor to switch of lights or to close windows.

When applying by roller pour a little bit of the mixture on the floor and go over the floor a couple of times crisscrossing at 90 degree angles to ensure you get an even spread.

When applying with a spatula also work your way from one side to the other moving the spatula at about 30 degrees over the floor in all directions.

The E-Poxy Floor Coating is designed to have all bubbles come out by itself and there is no need to use a gas torch.

When you are done, make sure that no one enters the room until the floor is completely dry. Leave the floor for 7 days before you allow traffic over it. A mark in the soft epoxy will stay there forever.